Vision Anomalies among the Pre Schoolers

For pre-schoolers, every experience presents an opportunity to grow and develop for which healthy vision is a must. The age between two and five years is that when a child’s vision fine tunes and redevelops. Various activities also contribute to visual learning such as stacking of the building blocks, rolling the ball back and forth, cutting, colouring, drawing and assembling toys.

This is also the time when children come across different vision anomalies such as lazy eye or crossed eyes (strabismus) that can be present in a single or both the eyes. Lazy eye or amblyopia is a condition when one of both the eyes start losing the vision and beyond correction with simple eyeglasses. That being said, occurrence of lazy eye is often a result of strabismus and mostly without any early warning symptoms.

Parents should also monitor their children who may indicate signs of delayed development and learning due to vision anomalies. Difficulty in identifying colours, letters, shapes and numbers are early warning symptoms of possible vision issue that ask immediate consultation with an eye specialist in Dubai.

Symptoms of eye & vision anomalies

A research performed by the American Public Health Association concluded that more or less 10% pre-schoolers face eye and vision related problems. But, children of this age are unable to distinguish between such issues and unlikely to complain. Parents should carefully watch for signs and symptoms including;

  • Holding a book too close or sitting closely to the television
  • Tilting of the head when focusing on an object
  • Frequent rubbing of the eye
  • Light sensitivity
  • Squinting
  • Avoid detailing activities such as jigsaw puzzles, colouring and so on

If you happen to notice any of these signs in a pre-schooler, it’s time to book a schedule with an eye specialist in Dubai

Vision screening & examination – The difference

Vision screening performed within the school premises isn’t the same as a detailed vision and eye exam conducted by an optometrist at the facility. That being said, vision screening is limited and unable to diagnose an eye or vision problem however, can indicate if further evaluation is needed. Vision screening can even overlook or miss around 60% children with vision anomalies.

The age between three and five year is the time when parents should schedule their child’s detailed examination only to ensure proper development of the vision. In general, colour vision isn’t tested and this particular is the most important and performed using colour coded learning objects.

Your optometrist would choose the best prescribed treatment that includes vision therapy or simple eyeglasses for correction of vision development. Diagnostic equipment today relieves both patient and the children alike for it isn’t necessary for the child know the alphabets. Here’s how to make the optometric examination a comfortable experience!

  • Book an appointment early in the day and allow at least an hour
  • Discuss about the examination with the children in advance to encourage them
  • Explain the process through various games, instruments, puzzles and electronic charts as a means of encourage


The above details outline various eye anomalies among the children and how to treat them conveniently.

This content is proudly offered by Moorfields Eye retina specialist in Dubai.

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