Globalization And Its Effects On Global Warming.
Global warming is now an international issue and is in an alarming state, it has attracted attention of all countries in the world. As global warming negotiations move from Bali towards a worldwide treaty, it is important to address how global warming and global trade work hand-in-hand. Globalization can be very closely related to global warming. Globalization means increase in global trade and is definitely a major contributory factor for very high rate of increase in global warming. Unless world wisely limits rapidly accelerating global trade, world will see equally disastrous and deadly results, worsening global warming and a continued chemical poisoning of the world.
For nearly a generation, the mainstream pro-globalization forces have ignored climate change. Instead the world population has been bombarded with the virtues of liberalized trade: It drives down prices, increases efficiency, lifts nations out of poverty, and contributes to overall global prosperity. Those who questioned NAFTA, CAFTA, GATT, and the like are derided as “protectionists,” who force artificially high prices on the rest of the population while making world economy less competitive. Manufacturing unions attempting to stop the destruction of millions of middle-income, U.S.-based factory jobs are vilified as elitists who are more concerned about the privileged few than about the poor who gain new jobs in developing nations.
Globalization is a policy, not an act of God.Human policy-making shapes expanding world trade. And the policy of trade liberalization, among other things, is warming the planet.
Global warming, however, puts a question mark in this new global utopia because it demands that world population should also include the costs of externalities — the carbon dioxide emitted from shipping and flying goods all over the globe — goods that could easily be produced much closer to the point of consumption.
From a CO2 perspective, it’s folly to increase air traffic in international scale to import and export goods those are easily available in domestic or nearby markets. And under current trade policies, the third world countries will import the next wave of high-efficiency light bulbs to save energy while wasting some of the gain on the carbon used to transport them here from around the globe.
But the crux of the globalization issue is hyper-development. Expanded trade indeed has contributed to the enormous economic growth rates in China and India. As a result, China’s appetite for fuel and power has grown exponentially: As the New York Times reported, every week to 10 days, another coal-fired power plant comes online in China large enough to serve a major U.S. city.
Analysts argue this too will pass when global carbon cap and trading schemas are put in place, and a price, in effect, is placed on carbon emissions. This, world is told, will lead to a burst of new technologies and efficiencies that dramatically reduce global warming gases. Perhaps. But it seems this should have been thought through as part of trade liberalization, rather than left to the indefinite future. As a result, world is trapped in a race against the accelerating forces of rapid, carbon-fueled development unleashed by the countries very own trade policies. In this race as onto the third world country’s store shelves and into our homes come toxic toys, toxic pharmaceuticals, toxic toothpaste, and toxic dog food — very predictable products of accelerated global trade.
Unfettered global trade will make efforts to reverse global warming and deliver safe products to our country all the more difficult. We must start with a renunciation of our fatalism and put a halt to the name calling. In fact, we should thank the labor and environmental critics of accelerated trade for alerting us to these dangers.
We also will need carefully constructed border adjustment taxes so that new green, carbon-reducing industries can be nourished at home. Those high efficiency light bulbs, wind generators and solar panels should not be imported from factories tied to inefficient energy sources sent from afar on ships and planes burning fossil fuels. The next wave of green products should instead be manufactured closer to where they will be used, creating homegrown, green jobs while helping to reduce global warming.